Front end trends are developing slowly. It takes several years for a technology to become popular. It’s really hard to make predictions about what will happen in 2021, but we may surely say what technologies will remain at the peak of fame and will be used everywhere in front end development app.
Purrweb devs will help you puzzle out how to code with style and keep up with the fashion!😎
1. Popular frameworks
Frameworks are our life. Without them any project is impossible. Frameworks are software that simplify the development process and different modules assembly. The main framework task is to help a developer. The code created in JS frameworks can be used in typical problem solving. Web sites and web apps are built based on it.
New frameworks appear once a year or more often. Some years are rich in fresh technologies, but 2020 is not such a fruitful one because of the pandemic. What is more, in the design realm trends arise every couple of months and are picked up by design agencies. As for frontend development, it’s hard for new technologies to become a trend.
There are three great JS frameworks with strong IT communities: React, Vue, and Angular. They are not the latest trends in front end development, but really appreciated technologies.
React is made by a Facebook developer Jordan Walke. The library was firstly used in the Facebook news feed in 2011, then in Instagram in 2012, and in 2013 the code was opened for everyone.
At Purrweb we also code on React. Our developers call out five reasons to use this very framework:
1. Great community
There are more than 114,000 publications with the ‘react’ tag. The library is used around the world, and React has a big developer community including programmers from Facebook. When somebody has a question, he or she can ask a specialist from anywhere in the world.
2. Facebook technology
No kidding! We trust Facebook. Firstly, they developed React for themselves and did it properly. Secondly, their technologies are trusted by huge corporations. Therefore, React proved its reliability.
3. A lot of TypeScript
We will tell you about JS superstructure TypeScript in this article — why the technology is cool and worth using. React works well with TypeScript. It means that the library is going to be with us next year.
4. Convenient use
We asked our developers why they like working with React. The guys underline cross-platform, easy read code, low entrance level. React is supported by many platforms, and it doesn’t take much time to learn how to code with it, so you can start your real projects faster.
The advantage of React is versioning. The newest version of Angular or Vue is not a bit like the previous. It means that the code written in an earlier version will not work in the new one. In React, everything is different: even a five-year-old code will run smoothly in the most recent version. And if the code contains an element that is out of date for the new version, React itself will prompt you to fix it.
In 2021, React will not lose its leading position, and we will continue to create convenient and efficient apps using it.
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Vue creators managed to avoid criticism of framework upgrade, unlike their Google colleagues. Vue Next advantage is that moving to the new version doesn’t require rewriting components, but suggests expansion for the new version.
There are 98,6% of TypeScript code in Vue.js repository. According to our developers, TypeScript code is more ‘adult’ and ‘hard’. That’s cool when a project is made with TS. By the way, creators rewrote the engine and made the architecture better. Vue is about to become 100% TS technology.
Vue team and their boss Evan U promise that the framework will be simple and convenient. Purrweb developers point out that coding on Vue is not a difficult task. The reasons are:
- Easily scales from a library to a full-fledged framework.
- Small — size of new runtime library <10kb in gzip
- Comes with a fast virtual DOM (not a house, but a Document Object Model — ‘document object model’)
- Like React, there is a cool community of professionals who are ready to help if you have a problem.
More than 36,000 apps are written on Vue. Among those who chose it as a development tool are Stackoverflow and PlayStation.
Who does Google trust? You are right. Strong framework named Angular. Angular is actually a Google’s project mainly used for mobile and desktop app development. There are many useful features as well as fewer chances to make a mistake. Framework official site says: ‘Focus on building stunning sites instead of making your code work’
Angular is a cross-platform development environment that differs from others in its performance functions (filters, two-way data binding directives) and full Google’s developer community support.
Our developers say that Angular is more difficult than React and Vue, but its functionality is really worth studying this framework.
- TypeScript provides easy code navigation, error prevention, and maintains your code.
- Supports static typing.
- Supports interfaces, subinterfaces, classes, subclasses, and ECMAScript 6 or ES6.
- Comes with object-oriented programming capabilities with the inheritance of private members and interfaces.
- Many IDEs (Integrated Development Environment) available.
We have already started to use TypeScript. And you?
Let’s start with a little story. Monolite has been the most popular development style for a long time. You can guess that the system looked like a one-piece module.
Monolite had a row of advantages. They all are associated with the relative ease of development, testing, deployment, and scalability. But over time, this approach revealed a big drawback: when applications became successful, they ‘grew out’ of a monolithic architecture. The codebase grew more complex, and it was too difficult for one developer to lead the project.
How to solve a problem? Use microservices. With the help of them, old monolite apps are cut apart. But there is one more solution.
In 2018 Facebook released the first version of GraphQL. GraphQL is a query language that describes how data is retrieved.
As Purrweb developers think, GraphQL will be used everywhere soon. It is a great solution for apps where difficult connections can be, for example, Facebook. One more advantage that turns this technology into a trend is obtaining data for various clients from many sources. This reduces the number of requests between the user and the server and reduces the number of errors.
4. Toolkit от Redux
Our team lead Alexander Purtov points out that at Purrweb we use a ‘hodgepodge’ of technologies: a set of different libraries, which are to some extent our own framework. At the same time, there is now a cool Redux Toolkit library — a lifesaver for everyone who codes on React with a bunch of built-in features for comfortable coding.
The Redux developers themselves solved the problem. They made the Redux Toolkit library. Toolkit is a set of solutions and techniques designed to make it easier to develop applications using Redux. The tool does not solve all developer problems, but it simplifies code where possible — in typical Redux use cases.
Our guys underline that Toolkit is falling into a global trend towards simplification and minimization, so Redux Toolkit will definitely be popular not only in 2021 but also in the next few years.
Svelte creators are proud of their development. Here’s what they write on the framework official website: ‘Svelte is a fundamentally new approach to creating user interfaces. When traditional frameworks like React and Vue do most of their work in the browser, Svelte takes that work to the compilation stage, which occurs during assembly. applications’.
The developers also speak positively about this technology. Programmers say that Svelte is suitable for beginners, while experienced professionals will notice how fast and stable the framework is.
Of course, compared to Vue, Angular, and React, Svelte still looks like a child among adults. But the framework already has 39,000 stars on GitHub. Furthermore, it is tipped for a great future in 2021.
Instead of a conclusion
Front-end trends are controversial, so following them or not is a private matter for each company. At Purrweb, we follow the latest trends in front end development and are constantly testing new technologies in order to use only proven and cool ones.